ABOUT BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOGS
The Bernese Mountain Dog is one of a group of four native Swiss working breeds, all of which have the same striking black, white and tan markings. The Bernese (Berner Sennenhund) is the second largest of that group and is the only one with a long coat – the others, The Grosse Schweizer Sennenhund (Greater Swiss Mountain Dog), the Appenzeller and the Entlebucher are varied in size but all have the same close lying short hair. The Bernese was, until recent years, the only one of the group that was bred in Great Britain.
Bernese were, and still are, used as general purpose farm dogs in their homeland and elsewhere although in the UK they are invariably purchased as a household companion and family pet. Unlike some other Working breeds of dogs, Bernese do not have one single overriding instinct for a particular job, but were bred to be willing and biddable and therefore adaptable enough to be employed to do a variety of tasks. The Bernese can be an excellent watch dog, a strong draught dog very willing to pull small carts and wagons, a capable livestock drover, an attentive and loyal companion to his master when going about his chores and of course a fun-loving and trustworthy children’s playmate and pet.
The Bernese temperament is required to be very good. They should be friendly and tolerant of other dogs, livestock and children. They should not engage in hysterical behaviour or unnecessary barking. They should be intelligent and easy to train and possess a most definite sense of humour. Bernese need to be around people and thrive on human company, bonding very closely with members of `their` family. It is ESSENTIAL that Bernese live inside the house within a family environment where there is someone at home most of the time – they are NOT suited to being left alone all day or for extended, regular periods nor should they be kept in kennels.
Although named ‘Mountain Dog` the Bernese is not a giant breed like a St. Bernard or Pyrenean. Bernese can be better described as a large breed with a similar outline to a Golden Retriever but having an overall larger stature - bigger, much broader and heavier. Bernese are quick to grow but slow to mature, reaching their adult height by about 15 months old, but not reaching full physical nor mental maturity until about three years for a bitch and four years for a male.
An adult Bernese male will ideally measure between 64 and 70 cms (25–27 ½ inches) at the shoulder and could weigh anything within the range of 36 to 55 kilos (approx 80-120 lbs).
An adult Bernese bitch will ideally measure between 58 and 66 cms (23–26 inches) at the shoulder and could weigh anything within the range of 34 to 46 kilos (approx. 75–100 lbs).
A German Shepherd Dog (Alsatian) male should be 64 cms (25 inches) at the shoulder, a German Shepherd bitch 58 cms (23 inches) at the shoulder with an average breed weight range of 35–40 kilos (77–85 lbs).
A Golden Retriever male should be 56-61cms (22-24 inches) at the shoulder, a Golden Retriever bitch 51-56 cms (20-22 inches) at the shoulder with an average breed weight range of 27–34 kilos (59–75 lbs.)
For their size, Bernese generally do not require a lot of exercise when compared to some other Working breeds of dogs, although adult Bernese should have the ability, mentality and stamina to ‘work’ actively all day if trained to do so and required to do so. When fully grown, Bernese will certainly enjoy a daily walk and free run and will most certainly want to join in the family activities and excursions. However, the ideal Bernese should not have a compulsive, obsessive need for constant stimulation and activity nor an inbuilt `drive` for marathon-length jaunts every day; developing, growing Bernese puppies need to be protected from the inevitable damage caused by over-exercise. Young Bernese under one year old should not be encouraged to be hyperactive nor allowed to become overtired, and care should be taken to prevent undesirable behaviour and avoid accidents which might cause distress and damage to the delicate, yet fast growing, skeleton of puppies.
Bernese should be a hardy breed and they generally like to spend some of their time out of doors PROVIDED they can still see and hear what is going on inside their home! Bernese like to sit – just SIT – in the garden and look at the sky and watch the birds, but shut the door and they definitely want to be back on the INSIDE with you! Bernese are definitely a breed who always prefer to know where you are and what you are doing – they do NOT want to miss out on knowing and being a part of what is happening around them.
Bernese, generally, do not seem to worry about cold weather conditions but they should be protected from weather extremes and should not be allowed to lie outside in wet or frosty weather. Some young Bernese love splash through and play in mud and puddles, whilst some others are much more clean living and HATE getting their paws wet or dirty! Even those Bernese who enjoy mud baths and outdoor activities and pursuits do not make good kennel dogs – far from it – a Bernese will be very miserable if left alone or away from the house and family. It is essential that your Bernese should live indoors with you as part of your family if you are to enjoy and benefit from the full character, intelligence and devotion so natural to this breed.
The cost of buying a Bernese may vary somewhat and the cost is not directly linked to quality. Most breeders sell all the puppies in their litter for the same price regardless of whether the puppies are male or female or wanted as a pet or show/breeding dog. Sometimes a breeder may have a puppy that has an obvious fault or physical defect and that would, and should, usually be reflected in a reduced price. Do not assume a higher priced puppy is of higher quality - some puppy farmers and commercial dealers charge VERY high prices for VERY poor quality Bernese! The average UK price in 2011 for a purebred, Kennel Club Registered Bernese puppy purchased from an established, experienced, reputable, specialist Bernese breeder is £1000 - £1250. That price should include 4 week’s initial, free insurance cover arranged by the breeder, plus a pedigree certificate, worming record, diet sheet and rearing guidance booklet plus the Kennel Club Registration Certificate which may be available at the time of collection or a written promise that it will be forwarded on. Everyone planning on buying a Bernese Puppy is strongly advised to purchase Canine Insurance cover for Loss, Veterinary Fees and Third Party Liability.
TO LEARN MORE ABOUT BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOGS
VISIT THE WEBSITE OF
THE BERNESE BREEDERS ASSOCIATION
OF GREAT BRITAIN AT